UNEP Report on Global Warming: India has about 18 percent of the world’s population, while America has 4 percent, but its contribution to global warming has been recorded at 17 percent. This also includes the impact of methane and nitrous oxide emissions. The good thing is that India’s share has historically been recorded at only 5 percent. In the UNEP report, India’s per capita greenhouse gas emissions have been recorded as much below the world average.
According to HT report, the Emissions Gap Report 2023 titled “Broken Record” has been released by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) on Monday (November 20). Citing India, the report mentions the huge disparity between current and historical emissions globally. Per capita greenhouse gas emissions vary greatly in different countries of the world.
The Russian Federation and the United States contribute 6.5 tonnes of CO2 equivalent (tCO2e) to historical emissions and global warming, more than double the world average, while India’s contribution is less than half, i.e. only 5 per cent. The report also made it clear that the bottom 50% of the world’s population contributes only 12 percent to the total emissions.
The report claims that globally, the highest-income 10% of the population is responsible for almost half (48%) of emissions. Two-thirds of the people of this group live in developed countries. It has also been made clear in the report that inequality in consumption-based emissions is found between and within countries.
China, America and European Union have the largest share in global warming.
UNEP notes that historical emissions and contributions to global warming vary significantly across countries and groups of countries alike. About 80 percent of historical total fossil and land-use CO2 emissions have come from G20 countries, with the largest contributions being from China, the US, and the European Union, while the least developed countries contributed only 4%.
America contributes 17 percent to global warming
The report also compares the population of India and America and their contribution to global warming. It has been told that America’s share in the current world population is only 4 percent, but its contribution to global warming from 1850 to 2021 has been recorded at 17 percent. This also includes the impact of methane and nitrous oxide emissions. In contrast, India has 18 percent of the world’s population but its contribution to warming is only 5 percent.
Only 9 countries presented new NDC
Meanwhile, COP i.e. Conference of Parties is the world’s largest forum to discuss climate change, which was formed in 1994. In this, there is talk of agreement on climate change between the leaders and researchers of 193 countries under the Paris Agreement, but according to the report, since the 27th COP last year, new or updated NDCs have been presented by only 9 countries. The total number of updated NDCs since the agreement is 149.
NDC sets targets to reduce GHG emissions
NDCs are where countries set targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change and adapt to climate impacts. Plans define how to reach goals. At the same time, there is also a detailed system to monitor and verify the progress so that it all remains on track.
G20 members except Mexico set net-zero targets
By September 25, 2023, 97 parties had adopted net-zero pledges or legislation (27 parties), covering approximately 81% of global GHG emissions. The report said all G20 members except Mexico have set net-zero targets but overall net zero targets do not inspire confidence.
Calling on all countries to pursue low-carbon development
The report also notes that none of the G20 members are currently reducing emissions at a pace consistent with meeting their net-zero targets.
It also calls on all countries to achieve economy-wide, low-carbon growth.
Also read: Global Warming: Scary report on global warming – number of deaths will increase by almost 5 times due to heat web