Measles disease is spreading rapidly among children in India. Due to which many children have also died. The Center has decided to deploy high-level multidisciplinary 3-member teams in three states. These teams will assist state health authorities in setting up public health measures.
Meanwhile, a joint publication report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed that there has been a steady decline in measles vaccination coverage since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2021, around 40 million children worldwide will have missed a dose of the measles vaccine. 2.5 crore children did not take their first dose while 1.47 crore children missed their second dose. , This decline in vaccines leaves millions of children vulnerable to infection.
In 2021, there will be an estimated 9 million cases of measles and 128,000 deaths worldwide. 22 countries faced large and severe outbreaks. Decreased vaccine coverage, reduced measles surveillance, and interruptions and delays in vaccination due to COVID-19 as well as continued large outbreaks in 2022 mean measles is a threat in every region of the world Is.
Vaccination campaign interrupted due to Corona
WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said “The paradox of the pandemic is that vaccines against COVID-19 were developed in record time and deployed in the largest vaccination campaign in history, but routine immunization programs have been badly hit during this time.” were interrupted in some way. Lakhs of children missed out on vaccination against deadly diseases like measles.” He further said “It is absolutely important to get the vaccination programs back on track. One child is at risk of a preventable disease behind the statistics revealed in this report.”
Measles is one of the most contagious human viruses, but it is almost completely preventable through vaccination. 95% or more of 2 doses of measles-containing vaccine are required to protect communities and achieve measles eradication and build up immunity. Only 81% of children are receiving their first dose of measles vaccine, and only 71% of children are receiving their second dose of measles vaccine. These are the lowest global coverage rates of the first dose of measles vaccination since 2008, although coverage varies by country.
urgent global action needed
Measles is a threat everywhere it occurs, as the virus can spread rapidly within many communities and across international borders. No region of the World Health Organization has yet achieved measles elimination. Since 2016, ten countries that had previously eliminated measles have also seen re-outbreaks. “The record number of children with low immunity and susceptibility to measles suggests that the vaccination system has been hit hard during the COVID-19 pandemic,” said CDC Director Dr. Rochelle P. Walensky. Reflects vulnerabilities, but public health officials can use outbreak response to identify at-risk communities, understand reasons for low vaccination, and help deliver locally tailored solutions to ensure vaccination Huh.”
6.1 crore measles vaccine doses missed
In 2021, approximately 61 million measles vaccine doses were postponed or missed due to COVID-19-related delays in vaccination campaigns in 18 countries. Delay increases the risk of measles outbreaks, so it is time for public health officials to ramp up vaccination efforts and strengthen surveillance. CDC and WHO urge collaborative action by all partners at the global, regional, national, and local levels to prioritize efforts to vaccinate all unvaccinated children, including those who may have been missed during the past two years. Measles outbreaks reflect weaknesses in vaccination programs and other essential health services.