The World Health Organization (WHO) has said that it is identifying bacteria, viruses and microorganisms that can cause epidemics like corona in the future. WHO will also make a list of these microbes (pathogens), so that work can be done to deal with them. For this research, WHO is preparing a team of 300 scientists who will identify the bacteria and viruses that may cause future epidemics. Along with this, this team will also work on the vaccine and treatment of these microbes.
According to the WHO, a global scientific process is being initiated to update the list of primary pathogens in which plans will be made to deal with the coming threat. WHO told that all this is being done so that after knowing beforehand, the loss of life due to such an epidemic can be reduced. In the last two years, apart from Corona, viruses like Zika, Monkeypox and Nipah have caused large scale casualties.
Many dangerous pathogens included in the list
This list of priority pathogens by WHO includes Kovid-19, Ebola virus, Marburg virus, Lassa fever, MERS, SARS, Zika and Disease X. These microbes have been kept under strict surveillance as a measure in case of any epidemic. The first list of pathogens was published by WHO in 2017. Currently COVID-19, Crimean-Kong Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola Virus Disease and Marburg Virus Disease, Lassa Fever Fever, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Nipah and Henipaviral Disease, Rift Valley Fever , Zika and Disease X.
What are Pathogens?
Pathogens means pathogenic means giving birth to disease. This includes viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Because of all these, different types of diseases are born. They can make any organism, tree-plant or other micro-organisms sick. Diseases caused by organisms in humans are called pathogens.
Scientists will keep a special eye on Disease X
During this, scientists will especially work on Disease X, which is an unknown pathogen. Disease X may cause an international pandemic in the future. Scientists say that it can prove to be much more dangerous than the corona and once it spreads, it will be almost impossible to stop it. The WHO says that a team of more than 300 international scientists will work on evidence of more than 25 families of viruses and bacteria, including Disease X.
What is Disease X?
According to scientists, Disease X is completely unknown and unpredictable. There is not much information about it at the moment. But scientists say that this virus will be very dangerous and will spread faster than corona. Disease X is likely to spread in the future. It can be like a small infection and can also spread like a big epidemic.
Research will help in making vaccine
Dr. Michael Ryan, executive director of the WHO’s Health Emergencies Program, said that if we already have information about pathogens and viruses, it will help us find treatment for the disease and make vaccines. To know the rapidly spreading epidemic and its response, it is necessary to target the primary pathogens and their families. During this, scientists will also target those pathogens which need more research and investment.
The WHO said the mission aims to update the list guiding vaccines, tests and treatments, with a focus on global research, development (R&D) and investment.
Preparing to deal with the next pandemic
Dr. Soumya Swaminathan, Chief Scientist of the World Health Organization, has described this list as very important for the group of scientists doing research so that they can be prepared in advance to deal with the next epidemic. The revised list of priority pathogens is expected to be published in the first quarter of 2023.