In the Mughal period, there was a different system from today’s time. At that time there was no government like today and the work of the employees was also different. However, during the Mughal period the administration did work and had its employees. The employees of that time were called Mansabdars and they had a different system of salary. You must have also heard the name of Mansabdar in books, so today you know what work he used to do and what was his salary system.
In such a situation, today we tell you what was the work of Mansabdar and Jagirdar. Also, know what arrangements were made for them at that time.
Who was the Mansabdar?
In fact, as different regions were included in the empire, so did the appointment of members in the administration. At first most of the workers were Sardars, Turks (Turani), but then Iranians, Indian Muslims, Afghans, Rajputs, Marathas and other groups were also included in this. The bureaucrats who came in the service of the Mughals were called Mansabdars.
The word mansabdar was used for such persons who got a mansab i.e. some government position or post. This was the category system run by the Mughals, through which posts, salaries, military responsibilities were fixed. The post and salary, and the fixation of salary depended on the number of castes. The greater the number of castes, the higher the prestige of the aristocrat in the court and the higher his salary.
What was the work?
According to the military responsibilities that were assigned to the mansabdars, they had to keep cavalry. Mansabdars used to bring their riders for inspection. They used to tame the horses of their soldiers and got the soldiers registered. Only after these works did he get money to pay salaries to the soldiers. The mansabdars received their salaries in the form of revenue collecting land, called jagirs, which were roughly equivalent to the iqtas.
However, the mansabdars did not live on their jagirs and did not administer them. They had the right to collect only from their jagirs. This revenue was collected by his servants while he himself worked in some other part of the country. During the reign of Akbar, these jagirs were carefully assessed so that their revenue was equal to the salary of the mansabdar.
Changed system during Aurangzeb’s time
By the time of Aurangzeb’s reign, the situation changed. The revenue received now was much less than the salary of the mansabdar. The number of mansabdars also increased, due to which they had to wait a long time before getting the jagir. Due to all these reasons the number of jagirs decreased. As a result, many jagirdars, when they were jagirs, tried to collect as much revenue as they could and make them servants. In the last years of his reign, Aurangzeb could not control these changes.