In recent months, the Czechia has experienced an unprecedented rise in energy prices. Most recently, Pražská plynárenská, one of the largest gas suppliers in the Czech Republic, announced a major increase in prices.
According to experts, up to hundreds of thousands of Czech families can find energy poverty, which could be alleviated by energy saving. According to Stavební spořitelna Česká spořitelna, a slightly lower temperature in the household can help. “To save energy by 6%, it is enough to reduce the air temperature in our home by one degree Celsius,” says company spokeswoman Monika Kopřivová.
According to a January survey by Stavební spořitelna Česká spořitelna (Buřinky), which was attended by 840 respondents from all over the Czech Republic, 87 percent of Czechs heat their homes above 20 degrees. Lower temperatures, from 20 to 21 degrees, are maintained on average by residents in the Karlovy Vary, Hradec Králové, Pardubice and Moravian-Silesian regions and in the Vysočina region. In other regions, people most often heat their homes to 22 to 24 degrees in the winter.
Women prefer a warmer home, half of them heat it to the aforementioned 22 to 24 degrees. In contrast, men prefer a temperature about two degrees lower. Only every tenth Czech has a temperature below 20 degrees. High heat, above 25 degrees, is preferred by 2.6 percent of people.
People who have completed secondary vocational education save the most on the temperature at home. 14.2 percent of them keep the temperature below 20 degrees at home. On the contrary, people who have completed basic education most often have a temperature above 25 degrees (7.1%).
Shorts or sweater
The Buřinka survey shows that people like to go home at home. The most common home “outfit” are trousers and a T-shirt with short sleeves. Only 12.6 percent of Czechs are at home in a sweater or sweatshirt. Every twentieth man even walks almost naked at home – only in underwear. 20 percent of men prefer a short-sleeved T-shirt and shorts. Women, on the other hand, reach for a long-sleeved T-shirt or sweater more often than men.
However, the data show that because of the money saved, 50.8 percent of people would be less willing to drown and dress warmer. One in five respondents would easily adapt to other members of the household, a quarter of young people (25.6%) aged 18-26 would feel warm because of the ecology. One in ten Czechs would turn off the heating due to hardening, but every fourth will not cause anything to change the temperature.
However, it is not easy to find out if households are really changing their habits. Outdoor temperatures also play an important role, confirmed Miroslav Vránek, a spokesman for Pražská plynárenská, for Sezam Zprávy.
“It’s weather-related. It would have to be the same weather all the time so that it could be measured the same way. For example, this winter was quite long, “says Vránek. “She was long and cold. We still had to buy gas. ”According to a survey by Buřinka, the increase in energy prices had no effect on 60 percent of people. On the contrary, a third of people started to drown less.
The gas flies upwards
Czech households have had to face rising energy prices since the end of last year. The worst situation is with gas, the price of which rose by almost 300 percent year on year. And gas is the second most common source of heat in households. It is most often heated by central heating (43%), gas (32.7%) and solid fuels such as wood and coal (21%). One in ten Czechs then heats their home with electricity.
The increase in prices does not end
On Thursday, Pražská plynárenská announced another increase in gas prices, supplying gas to 425,000 supply points. Prices will rise in June, by 39 percent. Compared to the price that clients paid before the autumn price increase, this is an increase of 147 percent, ie almost 2.5 times the previous price. However, most Czech gas suppliers started raising prices this year.
SupplierLast known price increase for gas suppliesPražská plynárenskáJune 2022 + 39% PRMay 2022 + 30% InnogyMarch 2022 + 19% ČEZMarch 2022 + 19% E.ONan 2022 + 16% Centropolnaposled + 185 CZK without VAT per MWh
Gas is also skyrocketing on energy exchanges, making suppliers more expensive. Therefore, they recommend clients to fix energy prices. For example, Roman Gazdík, a spokesman for CEZ Group, which supplies gas to more than half a million Czech households, said that most people rely on fixation. “80 percent of our customers currently have fixed prices,” Gazdík told Seznam Zprávy.
“The situation on the gas market is really challenging. After all, we see that even large and reputable suppliers are in trouble. Wholesale prices have doubled in the last year, prices are affected by the war in Ukraine and the risk that Russian gas will stop flowing to Europe. We raised the price lists for an indefinite period once, at the turn of the year, and we continue to keep them at the same levels, ”says Gazdík.
The increase cannot be ruled out by E.ON, which supplies gas to approximately 250,000 Czech households, said List of Reports its spokeswoman Martina Slavíková. “We do not plan to increase prices at the moment, but we cannot even rule it out in the near future due to market developments. Of course, the gas price is currently most affected by the situation in Ukraine and the uncertainty of future Russian gas supplies to Europe, “said Slavíková. She added that the biggest shock now awaits households that have a price fixed for two to three years and their contract is now ending.