And through 3 missions, humans began exploring Mars. The first mission was the Emirati Hope Probe, which entered its orbit around Mars on February 9th, then came the second mission of the Chinese “Tianon-1” probe, and finally the three mission, where the American “Perseverance” vehicle landed on The surface of the red planet.
On the aspects of complementarity between these three missions, Dr. Hussein Al-Shafei, a consultant to the Russian Space Agency in the Middle East, told Sky News Arabia, “What the world is witnessing in recent times of intensifying attempts to explore Mars, especially the last three missions of the UAE, China and America In fact, it reflects humanity’s interest in learning more about the Red Planet. “
“For the first time, mankind witnesses the landing of a vehicle and a probe on the surface of Mars, to start the first operations by humanity to take samples from the planet’s surface to analyze its soil, after it has been proven that there are similarities between Mars and Earth,” the Russian Space Agency advisor added.
Al-Shafei explained that “Mars has suffered a great disaster as a result of millions of years that have passed by it, and it has led to a difference in the composition of its outer atmosphere, although it still retains oxygen and hydrogen as basic compounds.”
A comprehensive study
According to the Emirates Space Agency, the “Hope Probe” will provide “the first comprehensive study of the climate of Mars and its various layers of atmosphere, and will help answer major scientific questions about the Martian atmosphere.”
For its part, the US space agency “NASA” said that its mission aims “to study signs of ancient life on Mars and collect samples to return to Earth, which may answer whether life has existed on Mars in the past.”
On this point, Al-Shafei stressed that “the transformation of surface pools of liquid water on the surface of Mars into huge blocks of ice exceeding 5 million cubic kilometers, which may have great evidence of the possibilities of the availability of conditions for life there.”
It is decided to focus the study of the internal formations of the surface of Mars, surveying its soil and ice, and gathering formations at depths ranging from 10 meters to 100 meters below its surface, an essential task for the Chinese mission, according to the agency “Xinhua”.
Al-Shafei believes that “this international integration in collecting information about Mars will necessarily lead to uncovering the secrets of the huge change that has occurred on its surface, and this may help explain what the earth may reach in terms of climate changes that we are now witnessing.”
The Russian Space Agency advisor concluded his speech by saying, “I do not think that there is life on Mars, but there are effects of the possibility of living on this planet, and the coming days will reveal a huge set of information that may help in this understanding and what can be prepared from alternatives to life on the red planet.” .